There are many sayings about the name of the city. It is first cited in the book Anabasis by Xenophon as “Trapezus”. The book explains that the city took this name because of the table like shape of its ancient centre; and beside this, the famous traveller Evliya Çelebi, describes Trabzon in his travelogue; “if it said for  Trabzon is the little Istanbul, it is true.’’

Because of its important location on the historic silk route between Europe and Asia, Trabzon hosted many civilizations throughout history. So, the city has gained a rich cultural heritage, enriched by many ancient tales and local folk songs.

The museums , monasteries,  mosques, tombs, inns, baths, bedestens, bazaars and city walls surrounding Trabzon and examples of civil architecture form the historic texture of the city.

This mysterious city of the east with its thousand shades of green visited by many local and foreign travellers, has won high praise throughout history, and the travellers Evliya Çelebi and world-famous Marco Polo mentioned this city in their written memories.

Besides the historic and cultural values, her natural beauties such as lakes, rivers, mountains and plateaux make the city exceptional. Man-made works in the city are also worth seeing.

In the skilful hands of the craftsmen of Trabzon, silver and gold become unique jewelleries namely as “kazazlık” and “hasır bilezik” that are peculiar to the city. Among the symbols of the city are also “Horon” (folk dance of the Black Sea Region) , kemençe (three-stringed musicial instrument unique to the region) and other folkloric elements.

Major agricultural products in Trabzon such as hazelnut, kiwi and tea significantly contribute to the regional economy. Anchovy for which poems are written occupies a great part of the city cuisine. “Kuymak” made from local butter, cheese and cornflour still preserves its special place in the local cuisine.

With its increasing importance as an international trade centre, Trabzon serves as a bridge between the Caucasus, Middle Asia and the west has an important role in recently developed trade relations with the Middle East and Commonwealth of Independent States. Trabzon with its univesity, modern harbour, international airport, free trade zone and tourism potential  promises a bright future.



  • The Fortress of City
  • Akçakale Castle
  • The Arsenal
  • Virgin Mary Monastery( Sumela Monastery)
  • The Musaum of St. Sophia
  • The Museum of Trabzon
  • Atatürk Pavilion 
  • The Museum of Trabzonspor FC
  • Cevdet Sunay Museum House
  • Black Sea Region Traditional Life Style Exhibition
  • Gülbaharhatun Mosque
  • İskender Pasha Mosque
  • The Ortahisar Mosque
  • Santa Maria Church
  • Vazelon Monastery
  • Kaymaklı Monastery
  • Kuştul Monastery
  • Bedesten (Covered Bazaar)
  • Meydan Hamam
  • Eight Columned Bath
  • Zağnospaşa Bridge
  • Memişağa Mansion
  • Ortahisar Houses

Trabzon Provincial Directorate Of Culture and Tourism Website